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John Williams ~ Schindler's List (1993)

Whoever saves one life, saves the world entire...

John Williams ~ Schindler's List (1993)
Original Motion Picture Soundtrack
Directed by Steven Spielberg
Music by John Williams
Original Release Date: December 7, 1993
Label: MCA
© 1993 MCA Records Ltd.
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ essential recording:
Because he's long been stereotyped by the rousing neo-romantic adventure scores for the Star Wars, Indiana Jones, and Jurassic Park franchises, it's easy to forget that composer John Williams is hardly idiomatically challenged. When Steven Spielberg gratifyingly used the clout of his enormous commercial success to produce and direct this brave Holocaust drama, his longtime musical collaborator used the opportunity to display both the depth and maturity of his musical gifts and training, producing a score with sad, evocative melodies frequently carried by the violin of the great Itzhak Perlman. Rich with ethnic nuance and showcasing the composer's masterful orchestral/choral subtlety, Williams's emotionally compelling score for Schindler's List also won the Academy Award for Best Dramatic Score. (Jerry McCulley)

John Williams composed the score for Schindler's List. The composer was amazed by the film, and felt it would be too challenging. He said to Spielberg, "You need a better composer than I am for this film." Spielberg replied, "I know. But they're all dead!" Williams played the main theme on piano, and following Spielberg's suggestion, he hired Itzhak Perlman to perform it on the violin. In an interview with Perlman on Schindler's List, he said: "I couldn't believe how authentic he (John Williams) got everything to sound, and I said, 'John, where did it come from?' and he said, 'Well I had some practice with Fiddler on the Roof and so on, and everything just came very naturally' and that's the way it sounds."

Perlman has been a soloist for a number of movie scores, notably the score of the 1993 film Schindler's List by John Williams, which subsequently won an Academy Award for best score.

"When you were first approached to play for Schindler's List, did you give it a second thought, did you agree at once, or did you say 'I'm not sure I want to play for movie music'?

"No, that never occurred to me, because in that particular case the subject of the movie was so important to me, and I felt that I could contribute simply by just knowing the history, and feeling the history, and indirectly actually being a victim of that history."

"Theme from Schindler's List" by John Towner Williams

Liam Neeson as Oskar Schindler

...Oskar Schindler is a vainglorious and greedy German businessman who becomes unlikely humanitarian amid the barbaric Nazi reign when he feels compelled to turn his factory into a refuge for Jews. Based on the true story of Oskar Schindler who managed to save about 1100 Jews from being gassed at the Auschwitz concentration camp. A testament for the good in all of us...

Ralph Fiennes as Amon Göth

In the scene where the ghetto is being liquidated by the Nazis, the folk song Oyfn Pripetshik (or Afn Pripetshek) (Yiddish: אויפֿן פּריפּעטשיק)" is sung by a children's choir. The song was often sung by Spielberg's grandmother, Becky, to her grandchildren. The clarinet solos heard in the film were recorded by Klezmer virtuoso Giora Feidman. Williams won an Academy Award for Best Original Score for Schindler's List, his fifth win.

~Theme from Schindler's List~

Song Title:
1. Theme From Schindler's List   |4:15
Itzhak Perlman

2. Jewish Town (Krakow Ghetto, Winter '41)   |4:40
Itzhak Perlman

3. Immolation (With Our Lives, We Give Life)  |4:44
Boston Symphony Orchestra

4. Remembrances   |4:20
Boston Symphony Orchestra

5. Schindler's Workforce   |9:09
Boston Symphony Orchestra

6. Oyf'n Pripetshok / Nacht Aktion Ronit Shapira   |2:56
Itzhak Perlman

7. I Could Have Done More   |5:52
Itzhak Perlman

8. Auschwitz-Birkenau   |3:41
Itzhak Perlman

9. Stolen Memories Boston Symphony Orchestra   |4:20

10. Making The List   |5:11
Itzhak Perlman

11. Give Me Your Names Boston Symphony Orchestra   |4:55

12. Yerushalaim Shel Zahav (Jerusalem of Gold)   |2:17
Hana Tzur

13. Remembrances   |5:17
Itzhak Perlman

14. Theme From Schindler's List (Reprise)  |2:59
Itzhak Perlman

Total duration: 67 minutes
| DDD | Audio CD | CBR 320 Kbps/44.1 kHz/Stereo |

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John Williams - Schindler's List (1993)

Schindler's List (1993)

Directed by Steven Spielberg

Screenplay by Steven Zaillian
Based on "Schindler's Ark" by Thomas Keneally
Liam Neeson as Oskar Schindler
Ben Kingsley as Itzhak Stern
Ralph Fiennes as Amon Goeth
Caroline Goodall as Emilie Schindler
Embeth Davidtzas Helen Hirsch
Jonathan Sagall as Poldek Pfefferberg
Music by John Williams

Steven Spielberg & Liam Neeson on the set of “Schindler’s List” in Poland '93.

Schindler's List ~ Official Trailer (1993)

A snapshot of a girl in red from Schindler's view of her during the evacuation. The red coat is one of the few instances of color used in this predominantly black-and-white film.

Schindler's List is a 1993 epic drama film directed and co-produced by Steven Spielberg and scripted by Steven Zaillian. It is based on the novel Schindler's Ark by Thomas Keneally, an Australian novelist. The film tells the story of Oskar Schindler, a German businessman who saved the lives of more than a thousand mostly Polish-Jewish refugees during the Holocaust by employing them in his factories. It stars Liam Neeson as Schindler, Ralph Fiennes as Schutzstaffel (SS)-officer Amon Göth, and Ben Kingsley as Schindler's Jewish accountant Itzhak Stern. John Williams composed the score.

Ideas for a film about the Schindlerjuden were proposed as early as 1963. Poldek Pfefferberg, one of the Schindlerjuden, made it his life's mission to tell the story of Schindler. When executive Sid Sheinberg sent a review of Schindler's Ark to Spielberg, the director was fascinated by the book. He eventually expressed enough interest for Universal Pictures to buy the rights to the novel. However, he was unsure about his own maturity about making a film about the Holocaust. Spielberg tried to pass on the projects to several other directors before finally deciding to direct the film himself after hearing of the various Holocaust denials.

Ralph Fiennes, Steven Spielberg, Liam Neeson, Ben Kingsley (1993)

Filming took place in Poland over the course of 72 days, in Kraków. Spielberg shot the film like a documentary, and decided not to use storyboards while shooting Schindler's List. Cinematographer Janusz Kamiński wanted to give a timeless sense to the film. Production designer Allan Starski made the sets darker or lighter than the people in the scenes, so they would not blend. The costumes had to be distinguished from skin tones or colors being used for the sets. In composing the score to Schindler's List, Williams hired violinist Itzhak Perlman to perform the film's main theme.

Schindler's List premiered on November 30, 1993 in Washington, D.C. and it was released on December 15, 1993 in the United States. Regarded as one of the greatest films ever made, it was a box office success and recipient of seven Academy Awards, including Best Picture, Best Director, and Best Original Score, as well as numerous other awards (seven BAFTAs, three Golden Globes). In 2007, the American Film Institute ranked the film 8th on its list of the 100 best American films of all time (up one position from its 9th place listing on the 1998 list).

Liam Neeson as Oskar Schindlera German Nazi businessman who saves the lives of over 1,100 Jews by employing them in his factory.

Ben Kingsley as Itzhak Stern, Schindler's accountant and business partner.

Ralph Fiennes as Amon Göth, an SS officer assigned to build and run the Płaszów concentration camp, and is befriended by Schindler, though he grows steadily suspicious of Schindler's true aims as the film progresses. He is sadistic and psychopathic, frequently murdering his prisoners for fun.

Embeth Davidtz as Helen Hirsch, a young Jewish woman works as Goeth's housekeeper. She is attractive in his eyes.

Caroline Goodall as Emilie Schindler, Schindler's wife.

Jonathan Sagall as Poldek Pfefferberg, a young man who survived with his wife and provides goods to Schindler from the black market.

Auschwitz-Birkenau Concentration Camp, Oswiecim, Malopolskie, Poland
Jerusalem, Israel
Kraków, Malopolskie, Poland

Oskar Schindler ~ Schindler's List (1993)

...In 1939, the Germans relocate Polish Jews to the Kraków Ghetto as World War II begins. Oskar Schindler (Liam Neeson), an ethnic German businessman from Moravia, arrives in the city hoping to make a fortune as a war profiteer. Schindler, a member of the Nazi Party, lavishes bribes upon Wehrmacht and SS officials. Sponsored by the military, Schindler acquires a factory for the production of army mess kits. Not knowing much about how to run such an enterprise, he gains a collaborator in Itzhak Stern (Ben Kingsley), an official of Krakow's Judenrat (Jewish Council) who has contacts with the Jewish business community and the black marketers inside the Ghetto. The Jewish businessmen lend Schindler money in return for a share of products produced. Opening the factory, Schindler pleases the Nazis and enjoys newfound wealth and status as "Herr Direktor", while Stern handles administration. Schindler hires Jewish Poles instead of Catholic Poles because they cost less. Workers in Schindler's factory are allowed outside the ghetto, and Stern ensures that as many people as possible are deemed "essential" to the German war effort, saving them from being transported to concentration camps or killed.

SS-Lieutenant (Untersturmführer) Amon Göth (Ralph Fiennes) arrives in Kraków to oversee construction of the Płaszów concentration camp. Once the camp is completed, he orders the liquidation of the ghetto and Operation Reinhard in Kraków begins, with hundreds of troops emptying the cramped rooms and arbitrarily murdering anyone who is uncooperative, elderly or infirm. Schindler watches the massacre and is profoundly affected. He nevertheless is careful to befriend Göth and, through Stern's attention to bribery, Schindler continues enjoying SS support. Schindler bribes Göth into allowing him to build a sub-camp for his workers, so that he can keep his factory running smoothly and protect them.

As time passes, Schindler tries to save as many lives as he can. As the war shifts, Göth is ordered to ship the remaining Jews to the Auschwitz concentration camp.
Schindler prepares to leave Kraków with his fortune. He finds himself unable to do so, however, and prevails upon Göth to allow him to keep his workers so he can move them to a factory in his old home of Zwittau-Brinnlitz, away from the Final Solution. Göth charges a massive bribe for each worker. Schindler and Stern assemble a list of workers to be kept off the trains to Auschwitz.

"Schindler's List" comprises these "skilled" inmates, and for many of those in Płaszów, being included means the difference between life and death. Almost all of the people on Schindler's list arrive safely at the new site. The train carrying the women is accidentally redirected to Auschwitz. Schindler bribes the camp commander, Rudolf Höß, with a cache of diamonds in exchange for releasing the women to Brinnlitz.

Once the women arrive, Schindler institutes firm controls on the SS guards assigned to the factory, forbidding them to enter the production areas. He encourages the Jews to observe the Sabbath. To keep his workers alive, he spends much of his fortune bribing Nazi officials and buying shells from other companies; he never produces working shells during the seven months his factory operates. He runs out of money just as the Wehrmacht surrenders, ending the war in Europe.

As a Nazi Party member and a self-described "profiteer of slave labour", in 1945, Schindler must flee the advancing Red Army. Although the SS guards have been ordered to kill the Jews, Schindler persuades them to return to their families as men, not murderers. In the aftermath, he packs a car in the night and bids farewell to his workers. They give him a letter explaining he is not a criminal to them, together with a ring secretly made from a worker's gold dental bridge and engraved with a Talmudic quotation, "Whoever saves one life saves the world entire". Schindler is touched but deeply ashamed as he leaves, feeling he could have done more to save lives, such as selling his car and Golden Party Badge.
The Schindler Jews are awakened by sunlight the next morning. A Soviet dragoon announces that they have been liberated by the Red Army. The Jews walk to a nearby town in search of food.

After a few scenes depicting post-war events such as the execution of Amon Göth and a summary of what happened to Schindler in his later years, the Jews are shown walking to the nearby town. The black-and-white frame changes to one in color of present-day Schindler Jews at Schindler's grave site in Jerusalem, where he wanted to be interred. A procession of now-elderly Jews who worked in Schindler's factory set stones on his grave—a traditional Jewish custom denoting gratitude to the deceased. The actors portraying the major characters walk with them. Ben Kingsley is accompanied by the widow of Itzhak Stern, who died in 1969. A title card reveals that at the time of the film's release, there were fewer than 4,000 Jews left alive in Poland, but more than 6,000 descendants of the Schindler Jews throughout the world. In the final scene, Liam Neeson places a pair of roses on the grave and stands over it...

Oskar Schindler:
I could have got more out. I could have got more. I don't know. If I'd just... I could have got more. 

Itzhak Stern:
Oskar, there are eleven hundred people who are alive because of you. Look at them. 

Oskar Schindler:
If I'd made more money... I threw away so much money. You have no idea. If I'd just...

Itzhak Stern:
There will be generations because of what you did.

Oskar Schindler: I didn't do enough!

Itzhak Stern: You did so much.
(Schindler looks at his car)

Oskar Schindler:
This car. Goeth would have bought this car. Why did I keep the car? Ten people right there. Ten people. Ten more people.
(removing Nazi pin from lapel)

Oskar Schindler:
This pin. Two people. This is gold. Two more people. He would have given me two for it, at least one. One more person. A person, Stern. For this.

Oskar Schindler:
I could have gotten one more person... and I didn't! And I... I didn't!


© 1993 MCA Records Ltd.
© 1993 Universal Pictures | © 1993 Amblin Entertainment. All Rights Reserved.

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